Boys and men that experience male breast enlargement may feel embarrassed or self-conscious about their bodies.
However, this medical condition, known as gynecomastia, is fairly common, and patients should know that they are not alone.
In fact, the National Institutes for Health (NIH) reported that between 50-60 percent of teenage boys and 65 percent of men aged 27-92 have some degree of gynecomastia.
While the patient’s age and cause of male breast enlargement can impact therapeutic options, this condition is highly treatable.
Here’s how gynecomastia can affect boys and men at different ages and their options for looking and feeling better.

What Is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is a condition characterized by excess glandular breast tissue that leads to the enlargement of male breasts.
It often presents with soft, compressible, and mobile subcutaneous chest tissue and can occur in one or both breasts. An increase in areola diameter may also be noted.

What Are the Causes of Gynecomastia in Adolescents?

During adolescence, gynecomastia is often caused by increased estrogen levels related to puberty.
In some cases, it will resolve on its own, and the chest contours will flatten out once a man reaches his 20s.

What Are the Causes of Gynecomastia in Adult Men?

While adult men with gynecomastia have similar symptoms as adolescents, the causes are different.
For this age group, male breast enlargement can be linked to a hormonal imbalance, medical condition such as a thyroid disorder, and/or cancer of the pituitary gland.
Alcohol and recreational drug use have also been identified as causes of gynecomastia.

How Can Gynecomastia Be Treated?

Gynecomastia can be corrected with male breast reduction surgery and will improve the size and shape of the breasts.
It’s important that this procedure is performed by a board-certified plastic surgeon that has knowledge of gynecomastia and experience treating this condition.
During male breast reduction surgery, your doctor will excise glandular tissue, skin, and fat to achieve a flatter and more masculine appearance of the chest. Removed fat can also be used to sculpt the pectoralis muscle for added definition and contouring.
To learn more about gynecomastia at any age and how male breast reduction surgery can improve appearance and confidence, please call our office today to schedule a consultation.